Armchair, Draft Adolf Loos
This Fauteuil is made in solid oak with a high seat with leather cover; the backrest is in leather, free on the upper and lower part, though applied with patinated brass nails at each side of the frame.
This chair is a perfect example for Adolf Loos’ clear, cubic design. It has been restored and freshly upholstered including a new leather cover in our inhouse-workshops.
The “Loos Fireplace Fauteuil” is a true design icon by one of the strongest and most polarizing architects of his time. Adolf Loos used this draft for the Interiors of Josef Vogl’s Apartment in Pilsen (Plzen, Czech Republic), in the Villa Müller in Prague (1928) and the countryside residence of Khuner in Payerbach /Lower Austria (1930).
The significant manufactory Friedrich Otto Schmidt produced this chair model in variations for its customers. In the company’s archive one can find the model title SREN 72, amongst others. Most likely, Friedrich Otto Schmidt felt inspired by Adolf Loos, who closely collaborated with the manufacturer, to produce a chair model, which varies slightly.
Adolf Loos (*December 10th, 1870 in Brünn — August 23rd, 1933 in Karlsburg near Vienna), was an architect, designer, author and teacher. In art historical literature, Loos is considered one of the most important pioneer of modernism in architecture and design. He clearly kept a distance to the architects of the Wiener Werkstätte and maintained a critical position towards Germany’s “Deutsche Werkbund” and the “Bauhaus”.
Adolf Loos greatly influenced, next to the representatives of the Viennese Jugendstil and the association “Wiener Seccesion” and “Wiener Werkstätte“ such as Otto Wagner, Josef Hofmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, as well as Max Fabiani und Jože Plečnik, students of Otto Wagner, the “Viennese Stil”. Especially noteworthy the fact that Loos was a strong opponent Viennese Art Nouveau, the “Secession Style”
Adolf Loos had a close relationship with Arnold Schönberg, Oskar Kokoschka, Peter Altenberg and Karl Kraus, who he supported passionately on their professional path. He influenced many modernest architects such as Richard Neutra, Heinrich Kulka and Luigi Blau. Adolf Loos led his own private school where he taught Paul Engelmann and Leopold Fischer. One of his most important writings is the book “Ornament und Verbrechen” (Ornament and Crime, 1908) campaigning against the ornament itself. Loos spent a lot of time in Paris in the 20ies, in close contact with the avantgarde artist circles.
From 1925 — 1926 he built a house for Tristan Tzara in Paris, a French poet, journalist, art collector, film maker and founding member of the dadaism.
Also, Loos planned a house for the dancer Josephine Baker in 1927 in Paris at the Avenue Bugeaud with a horizontally black-white striped façade, never realized.
A wonderful example, next to the Loos house on Vienna’s “Michaelerplatz” is the Villa Müller in Prague, built 1930, almost completely preserved and today run as a museum, showcasing the cubic shape, a core theme of Loos’ design. The Interior nicely combines fine materials and decorations of different eras.
Adolf Loos designed the fireplace chair, we present here, amongst other objects, for the Villa Müller.
M. Kristan, Adolf Loos Villen, Wien 2001, p 111 (view from the gallery in the room), p 115 (room of the son, p 125; B. Rukschcio, R. Schachel, Adolf Loos Leben und Werk, Salzburg, Wien 1982, S. 622f. Nr. 199. Archiv Friedrich Otto Schmidt.
It was no coincidence that Adolf Loos celebrated his 60th birthday on the 10th of December 1930 in Villa Müller in Prague. It is not only considered a masterwork to this day, Adolf Loos himself counted it among his most beautiful works.
The contractor František Müller commissioned the white, cube-shaped, modestly designed building — except of the yellow window frames -, between 1928 – 1930 in Prague’s city district Střešovice. At the same time, two other remarkable building were being built, somewhere else in Europe: Villa Tugendhat by Mies van der Rohe in Brünn and Villa Savoy by Le Corbusier near Paris.…
Photo below to the right shows the Villa Müller with the armchair in the middle in front of the fireplace.